July 27th, 2005

Weekly bridge column


                                 by Stephen Rzewski

	Playing against the only competent team (besides yours, of course) in a Swiss 
event at a small Sectional tournament, you find yourself facing the following play 
problem.  As you read the account, try to answer each of the numbered questions 
before continuing:

                                     ♠ A42
                                     ♥ AKQ
                                     ♦ KJ8
                                     ♣ AQ82


                                     ♠ KQJ
                                     ♥ J95
                                     ♦ Q65
                                     ♣ K1053

	             bidding:   S      W      N      E

                               1♣      P      2♣     P
                               2NT     P     5NT     P
                               6NT    (all pass)

                              opening lead:  ♦ A

	Forty years ago or more, few players would have considered the South hand 
worth an opening bid, but times have changed, and most today tend to open any 
reasonable collection containing 12 or more high-card points.

	North has a problem at his first turn with such a powerhouse, but he chose 
the “inverted minor” raise of 2♣, which is forcing for one round, hoping to get a 
better idea of what to do after his partner’s rebid.   South’s 2NT call defined his 
hand within a narrow range of 12-14 hcp and balanced shape.  The 5NT call by North is 
a quantitative raise, forcing to a small slam and inviting his partner to bid a grand 
slam with a maximum.   With a dead minimum, South settled for the 12-trick contract.

	West started the proceedings by cashing the ace of diamonds, then continuing 
with a small diamond, East following both times.

     1)	How do you assess the contract, and what is your general plan?

           *          *          *          *          *          *          *

	You have eleven top tricks, and there will obviously be no problem if clubs 
divide 3-2, so you should assume they will split 4-1 or worse.  It might seem natural 
to play off the ace and queen, enabling you to finesse against J-x-x-x in the East 
hand if West shows out.  Possession of the 8-spot in dummy, however, makes it just 
possible to pick up J-9-x-x in the West hand by leading twice toward dummy and taking 
a double finesse.  This is admittedly a highly improbable holding.  Nevertheless …

     2)	Is there any way to play the hand to cover all the routine cases and still 
guard against J-9-x-x (-x) in the West hand?

          *          *          *          *          *          *          *

	Yes, at least possibly.  The answer is to defer playing the clubs and first 
play as many side winners as possible in an attempt to get a count on the opponents’ 
hands.  There is some guesswork involved on where to begin, but let's suppose 
that you elect to play a third round of diamonds.  On this trick, West shows out, 
discarding a spade.  

     3)	What suit should you play next, hearts or spades?

          *          *          *          *          *          *          *

        You should play hearts, not spades.  Now that West is known to have started 
with only two diamonds, the possible danger of his holding long clubs has increased 
somewhat.  Should you need to make two club leads from the South hand late in the 
play, you may need a side entry to do so.  Since only the spade suit offers entries 
to the closed hand, and the heart suit does not, you should play all your heart 
winners and refrain from playing spades until later.

	Both opponents follow to the first two hearts, but on the third round, West 
again shows out, discarding another spade.  

	4)  Should you now play three rounds of spades?              	

         *          *          *          *          *          *          *

	No, you should play only two rounds, including the ace in dummy, and leave an 
entry to the closed hand, for the reason explained above. 
        On the ace and king of spades, both opponents follow suit.

        5)  What do you now know about the opponents’ distribution?

          *          *          *          *          *          *          *

		West showed out on the third round of both diamonds and hearts.  That 
means that East started with five cards in each of those suits.  East also followed 
to both spade leads.  So there is room in East’s hand for only one club at most,
marking him with a singleton or void.  Therefore, West has at least four clubs.

	6)  So how should you play the club suit?

          *          *          *          *          *          *          *

	You should start with the king, guarding against a possible singleton jack in 
the East hand. If East follows low or shows out, lead a club of your choice from the 
South hand.  If West follows low, finesse the 8 with full confidence.  If he splits 
his two high clubs by playing the 9, play the queen, then use that well-preserved 
spade entry back to your hand to take a 2nd finesse through West’s remaining  J-x 
toward dummy’s A-8.  The full deal:


                                      ♠ A42
                                      ♥ AKQ
                                      ♦ KJ8
                                      ♣ AQ82

                         West                        East

                        ♠ 108763                    ♠ 95
                        ♥ 83                        ♥ 107642
                        ♦ A4                        ♦ 109732
                        ♣ J974                      ♣ 6


                                      ♠ KQJ
                                      ♥ J95
                                      ♦ Q65
                                      ♣ K1053

	Did you expect to win a lot of IMPs on the hand?  Well…  it turns out that 
the opponent holding your hand at the other table found the same line and was equally 
disappointed to only earn a push on the board.  Some days, you have to be at your 
best just to break even.